Winter 2015 Forum    

Improving Energy Efficiency Now & In the Years to Come

December 4, 2015

City of Vancouver’s Water Resources Education Center
4600 SE Columbia Way, Vancouver, WA 98661
 

The day’s first presentation was by Charlie Grist, with the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NWPCC), to discuss “The Power Council’s Seventh Power Plan & Energy Trust.”

Mr. Grist did a wonderful job first speaking to the Pacific Northwest’s regional power history (WA, OR, ID, and MT) and how energy planning and delivery works. Post 1960, when it took 20 years to build a power plant, forecasting power delivery was tough. The regions electric system became overbuilt which lead to the NW Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980. The Act helped provide transparency to the decision making behind energy forecasting while making better more informed forecasting decisions.

Next Mr. Grist discussed ‘how efficiency as a resource turns into conservation programs’ through an amazingly complex ‘Implementation Web’ slide of all the regional stakeholders that players that influence and/or shape energy efficiency policy. From NWPCC to the Regional Technical Forum, to Bonneville Power Administration to State Regulatory Commissions to public and private utility companies, to the Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO) and the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (NEEA) are all involved in the energy process. Not to mention federal, state, and local government’s role in efficiency, market transformation, and codes and standards. And then of course the End Use Consumers. As complicated as this all seems, Mr. Grist acknowledged the system works and is flexible but the process may be a bit cumbersome at times.

Mr. Grist then moved on to discuss components of the Draft Seventh Power Plan – under public comment until December 18, 2015. Mr. Grist highlighted the Regional Power Plan’s key findings and the resource strategy key elements. Two main key findings include:

1.)    Least cost resource strategies rely on conservation and demand response to meet nearly all forecast growth in regional energy and capacity needs, and

2.)    NW loads after energy efficiency are forecast to remain at or below current levels until 2035.

Mr. Grist commented on the resource strategies and costs associated with these key findings. Energy conservation makes up most of the energy and capacity needs over the next 20 years. He went on to describe high-level energy conservation measure potential across commercial, residential, industrial, utility and agriculture sectors. The most efficiency gain potential lies in solid state lighting and controls, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) and electronics and plug loads.

There will be a push for demand response but this only makes up a part of the energy equation. And renewable energy investment is a very small slice of the pie since not all renewables are equal in how they benefit the power system. Wind and solar are not dependable for peak capacity. Additionally, wind and solar do not impact CO2 as much as other lower cost methods.

Energy conservation is not the entire answer, some new generation sources will need to be established but the projected medium load growth forecast has been downgraded from 1.1% to 0.8%.

Mr. Grist closed by stating that since 1978 utility funded programs and codes and standards have produced nearly 5800 average megawatts (aMW) of savings with an estimated value of $3.73 billion in 2014 and lowered carbon emissions in the Pacific NW by an estimated 22.2 million MTE.  Also that energy efficiency was the region’s 2nd largest resource in 2014. Second to hydropower generation itself.

At the end of the presentation, Mr. Grist asked a very powerful question to the audience of energy professionals, “What would you like see or what do you need from us at the Power Council?” The responses to this were so good that enough that we are considering making that a format change in future forums.

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The next presenter for the day was Mr. J.P. Batmale, with the Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO). Mr. Batmale provided an organizational overview, role comparison, the influence of Power Council, and discussed current commercial incentives. He discussed ETO’s role in the Power Council’s 7th Power Plan.

The ETO is an independent non-profit serving 1.5 million rate players under Portland General Electric (PGE), Pacific Power, NW Natural Gas, and Cascade Natural Gas Utilities. Since its founding, the Energy Trust has saved 492 average Megawatts (aMW) of electricty, generated 115 aMW, saved 39 million therms of natural gas. This is enough savings to power 470,000 homes and heat 77,000 homes for a year while avoiding 14.6 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

Mr. Batmale discussed how the Power Councils 7th plan influences ETO’s mission, how the ETO can better impact peak demand, what new technologies should be encouraged, and how the ETO may better capture the value of energy efficiency and renewable energy resources. There are 10 Strategic Plan Goals over the next 5 years designed to achieve 24 million therms gas savings, 240 aMW electric savings and 10 aMW of savings through renewable energy implementation.

Regional Technology Forum (RTF) leverages energy efficiency measure development as much as possible. The Energy Trust is responsible for delivering cost-effect measures, “We can’t fund what is not cost effective.” Mr. Batmale went on to explain the cost-effectiveness (C/E) test that are conducted at both the measure and program level. This translates into levelized costs in units of $ per kWh – “what we think we can get cost-effectively” - an effective limit $0.053 per kWh. The 7th Plan impacts C/E calculations through increased granularity of load shaping, shifting from 48 load profiles to 864 load profiles.

For 2016, total incentives $107.9 million will be spent on total incentives, $55.5 million on External Program Delivery, and 17.80 million on Internal Program Delivery.  2016 Commercial Sector Highlights include $33 million in incentives. Incentives include expanding direct install offerings, expanding pay-for performance, including retro-commissioning, additional Strategic Energy Management (SEM) and training tools and free consultants and technical studies available based on potential savings.

Mr. Batmale closed by speaking to four (4) angles of impact the Council emphasize for the commercial sector – the rise of SEM, demand response, lighting savings, and technology adoption.

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The final presentation of the day came from Aaron Leatherwood, LC, Program Manager and Lighting Spacialist of the Evergreen Consulting Group working on behalf of the Energy Trust of Oregon.

Mr. Leatherwood provided an overview of lighting program offerings for existing buildings and multi-family and associated incentives. He discussed the breakdown on how an ETO program works:

1.       Call you Trade Ally

2.       ETO will scope your project

3.       Receive your incentive offer

4.       Install your project

5.       ETO verifies your project

6.       Receive your cash incentive from ETO

Suggestion #1: Get ETO involve early – do not buy first and ask questions later.

Suggestion #2: Get help with qualified products list (QPLs) – lighting design lab, design light consortium, energy star, CEE, and UL standards (are they safe?). Watch to make sure the entire fixture is listed!

Suggestion #3:  Look at multiple light options – ‘corn cobb’ style LED lights are getting better and better.

Mr. Leatherwood received a very good question/ suggestion on building incentives into product like light bulbs versus installing projects and then having to apply for an incentive check. How many projects have not received incentive checks because they were too late?

The conversation shifted to lighting technology specifically LED and lighting controls advancements. Occupancy sensors are not only being built into the fixture but these fixtures are now WiFi-enabled, may collect behavior patterns and automatically shed load.

Mr. Leatherwood closed with ‘fun stuff in the near future’ – data and design. LiFi – data over light – is an advancing technology may soon be coupled with the ‘internet of things’ (IOT) that could spawn massive consumer data. Big data through light fixtures! Who would have thought?
 

Presentations:

Charlie Grist

JP Batmale

Aaron Leatherwood

Winter Forum 2015 Comment Form

We would love to hear any comments you have about our Winter Forum or suggestions you may have for future forums

Fall 2015 Forum    

“Tuning, Tracking and Troubleshooting: Digital Controls for Modern Buildings.”
Building and Lighting Controls; What Do I Need To Know?

September 18, 2015
Clackamas CC, Wilsonville Training Center, Wilsonville

Attendance: 46, including 7 board members.  (13 female attendees)

Vendors included:

Mike Johnson, McDonald-Miller

Kelly Snyder, Clima-Tech

Brice Kosnik, BuildPulse

Joe Moran, Long Building Technologies

Steve Watt, Distech Controls
 

Matt Travis, Trane Oregon: Controls 101

Travis discussed the basics of controls, which included definitions and basic systems knowledge, but most importantly described why controls are needed—needed—for best energy management.  VAV, VRF, DCV and chiller plants are all systems that operate best—and most efficiently—with controls.  Controls automatically monitor each station and adjust to meet efficiency settings. 

The system controller is usually a computer-based program that monitors and communicates with field-based controllers.  Newer system controllers are web-based, meaning that there may or may not be a local PC, and the system can be controlled via any internet access, including mobile devices.  The largest and most sophisticated available controller is an enterprise system, which can control an entire campus, and provide emailed reports.

Most vendors have moved away from application-specific systems to more universal software that will allow controllability for any kind of application.  This makes it easier for operators to select, purchase, install and use.  Buyers beware: there is no such thing as true plug-n-play: each installation will take some time to fully integrate.  Plus, if you have a control system from one manufacturer, but the boiler / chiller / RTU are made by a different manufacturer, coordination will be needed.  Protocol is the language used by the system and the terminal units; make sure these are compatible. 

The future of controls is cloud computing, which removes the need for a local software hub, and also better facilitates mixing controls software because it houses all the data.  It also has the capability of recording all data to be analyzed if you wish. 
 

Mike Hatten, Principal ME at Solarc, Control Designs for Energy Savings

There are mixed-air problems in half the HVAC systems in the U.S. 

Digital Controls have the ability to significantly reduce energy costs—often 20%-30%.  Controls interfaces for end users are now typically very interactive graphics and diagrams, making them very easy to use.   It is recommended that you use the ability to configure the graphics on the screens accurate to how your specific system works (called graphics accuracy commissioning). 

Mike illustrated several graphics interface pages and report charts —including screen shots from actual users—and demonstrated how to identify problems between data points, and some situations to look out for.  It is good to use the graphics screen readouts as a diagnostic tool. 

Best practices:  Duct static pressures, and supply and discharge air temperatures, are good metrics to evaluate and identify system performance.  By monitoring these readings and adjusting, you can reduce the amount of simultaneous heating and cooling necessary at the discharge point(s).  Focus on minimum set points. 

Broken controls need to be fixed because they waste energy: fix leaking valves, repair worn-out dampers, calibrate defective sensors. 
 

Bryan Welsh, Welsh Commissioning Group Inc., Commissioning Your Controls—the project delivery process

It’s important in commissioning to start with the end in mind. 

Bryan noted that it’s important to be careful when specifying equipment because often equipment and controls weren’t designed to be together—they can function together just fine, but operating information is often spread throughout many places in the product documentation.  And because different trades are installing different equipment and controls, efforts are not coordinated, so equipment won’t work properly and no amount of controls can fix it.  There can be thousands of problem points. 

Design and submittal review are key opportunities to find issues.

Modern HVAC systems have lots of mechanical loops in them, and lots of control loops.  PID Loop represents the kind of reactions that controls offer.  Automatic Loop Tuning monitors all sensor points and makes continual adjustments.  


Presentations:

Matt Travis

Michael Hatten

Bryan Welsh

Brice Kosnik

Forum Feedback Forum

Summer 2015 Forum    

Emerging Technologies

May 22, 2015
NW Natural Building, Portland

David James, technical sales, Mitsubishi

David discussed Mitsubishi heat pumps’ new HyperHeat® capability, noting that the hard part for heat pumps is the recovery to get back to temperature in heating mode. Mechanically the Hyper-Heat function evaporator coil injects waste heat back into the compressor, making it more efficient and more able to make up the temperature without extra power consumption, and without the need to switch to electric resistance. The boiling refrigerant acts like a next-generation gas bypass, and the compressor speed is regulated. It boasts 100% capacity down to 5 degrees. It provides virtually twice the output in heat mode vs. a similar sized conventional unit, so there is no need to increase size of unit capacity above what would normally be sized for a space. Designed to be installed either as stand-alone air handlers or multi-zone single head units, it is compatible with residential or with small commercial/institutional. Mitsubishi’s version is compatible with off-the-shelf thermostats. The brand also offers connectivity to heat pump water tank heating.

Jack Callahan, Sr Engineer, Research and Development, Bonneville Power Association

Jack discussed upcoming trends in heat pump technology.
1. Heat Pump Research and Development Update: Most manufacturers—many of them Japanese—think globally for all markets, so technologies vary. Japanese manufacturers yearn to understand the US and European markets. Some burgeoning technologies coming from Japan include:
a. Inverter driven heat pumps
b. Low Global Warming Potential (GWP) refrigerants
c. Transcritical CO2 cycle heat pump water heaters
d. Hybrid systems
e. Continued innovation
2. EPRI Update: Residential Ducted Variable Capacity Heat Pump. Capacity at low temperature is very important, especially with the potential to avoid electric resistance strip heat back up. Instead of selling on a SEER (cooling capacity) rating, manufacturers want to demonstrate comparison performance of new technologies to legacy technology performance (field test results). This includes combination multifunction demand response heat pump/water heater technologies.
See: www.E3TNW.org

Janice Peterson, Mechanical Engineer, E3T, BPA contractor (ACS)

Split System CO2 Heat Pump Water Heating – is it a good fit for the NW?

Janice discussed new heat pump technologies. CO2-based refrigerant, known as R744, has a global warming potential (GWP) rating of 1, vs 6-7 for most legacy technologies. CO2 refrigerant cycle heat pumps operate with the refrigerant at very high temperature and pressure—just below phase change-- to allow the fluid to permeate like a gas but keep the absorptive properties of a liquid. Right now the water tanks are slightly taller than traditional water heater tanks. Field tests show that even at cold temperatures the outside compressor unit was only operating 25% of the time to keep the water hot. With leftover capacity the potential exists to use downtime for space heating, which could include hydronic underfloor. 55% of NW households use electric resistance heat, so there is great market potential.
BPA has three current research projects involving new heat pump technology:
1. Performances as a water heater
2. Demand-response potential
3. Combination space and water heating.

Mike Bailey, ME, Engineering Manager, Energy Trust of Oregon

Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) and “ClimaCheck” for optimizing chiller performance
Mike explained the mechanics of VRF. Knowing that there is no such thing as a “magic bullet” that will solve energy efficiency, one viable technology that is emergent and still emerging is Variable Refrigerant Flow for heat pumps. VRF allows buildings to meet the simultaneous cooling and heating loads that exist in different areas of a building. It is more efficient to separate the HVAC component that provides the outside air requirement from the component that maintains temperature and humidity. A benefit is that the heating system can recover the interior heat and reuse it rather than constantly reheat pre-cooled outside air. In high density metropolises like Europe and Japan, heat pump technology has been used for years as a space saving technology in addition to EE. Installation may require other trades, like plumbers unions, rather than traditional HVAC installers. What is tough for building operators is that in the U.S., unlike other nations, we have no performance standard. Once a unit is installed, there is no performance monitoring regulation.
ClimaCheck is a refrigeration/chiller system diagnostics tool from Sweden, similar to EMS, but much more specific to chillers. Its benefit is that it can really be dialed in to one of the most expensive-to-operate components of HVAC. Drawbacks are that it takes many more submeters installed to record data, and that there are very few professionals trained to successfully read and interpret the data fluently enough to propose system improvements.

Chris Galati, NW Natural (and former APEM Board member)

Carbon Solutions: Senate Bill 844 allows natural gas utilities to voluntarily develop greenhouse gas reduction projects. Projects must have greenhouse gas reductions, and measures that provide results above existing programs. NWN has begun a 10-yr pilot program with different projects. Examples are anaerobic digesters for biogas, and CHP (co-gen) projects.
Cogeneration is not as popular in Oregon because the power costs are so low that project payback is longer than most consumers’ appetite. Typical candidates are consumers with consistent 24/7 power and heating (gas) loads, like hospitals, some grocery, etc. 1MW – 4MW load at $30/metric ton of carbon is a best case scenario size for a CHP turbine.
Methane abatement, oil recovery, and natural gas vehicles are other programs.
NWN natural is hedging that index prices can be tied to SB844, meaning that when gas prices go down, carbon prices go up, and vice versa.

Rick Durst, Innovative Technologies, Portland General Electric

New innovative energy/grid projects to improve reliability
Rick discussed trends in the power utility:
Smart Grid: improved system visibility in order to improve reliability, including proactive measures to maintain systems to keep the power on.
Smart Power Project: a 5MW backup battery for the grid. A successful live event took place Feb 22, 2015, where the battery system was used to back up a region of PGE’s distribution system which went down due to weather. No customers were adversely impacted thanks to Smart Power back up.
Software to monitor energy is available online for residential and small commercial; and there is subscription-based EMS (PGE’s Energy Expert) for large commercial.
Automated Demand Response is a voluntary reduction program that pays customers for voluntary curtailment.
Electric Vehicles: 19 models available in Oregon. All are good performers. Consumers need to be aware of charging capabilities, and local infrastructure (charging stations).


All Presenters
Panel discussion included audience questions answered by presenters: effect of global warming on refrigerant development, trends in EV charging stations, cost to consumers for mainstream CO2 heat pump hot water heaters, preferred temperature of stored water heater water, natural heat resource connectivity to combination heat pumps, TOU metering for solar and EV, viability of strategy development in the future.

Laura Griffiths, Strategic Energy Management, Triple Point Energy

Kathleen Belkhyat, Commercial Strategic Energy Management Team, Energy Trust

The Energy Trust’s Strategic Energy Management (SEM) encourages behavioral changes to effect low-cost/no-cost EE measures. It takes extra planning, and a reporting / follow-up system to track performance. It takes more than an army of one—each department should have a leader who is a member of the team and reports to the energy manager. ETO offers workshops, building opportunity assessments, action plans and policy development assistance, and benchmarking. Typical savings is 4%-8% of energy costs.
Email: CommercialSEM@Energytrust.org

Alisa Kane, Energy Performance Reporting Program, Portland Bureau of Planning and Sustainability
Many consumer products have ratings or product scoring for consumers to review (like food labels), but buildings often don’t. $338.6M is spent annually on energy by commercial buildings in Portland, and ¼ of carbon emissions are from commercial buildings. Buildings that consistently track their own performance save 2.4% per year in energy costs. City of Portland is now requiring commercial buildings of certain sizes to phase-in to its measurement program, and will score participants. There will be financial penalties for not reporting.
www.portlandoregon.gov/bps/energyreporting

APEM Board Member Dave Cone received recognition citation for exceptional energy efficiency in Evergreen school district’s improvements.

Presentations:

Alisa Kane

Carbon Future

Chris Galati

Jack Callahan

Janice Peterson

Lura Griffiths

Mike Bailey

Mitsubishi Electric

Rick Durst

Spring Forum 2015

Decisions, Decisions, Decisions...
How to decide when and how to move forward with an energy project

February 13, 2015

Crestline Elementary School, Vancouver

This year’s Spring Forum discussed the process of implementing energy projects and specifically addressed issues faced by governmental organizations and the contractors who serve them.  This forum was held at Evergreen School District’s Crestline Elementary School in Vancouver, WA, a recently constructed school upgraded with LED linear lighting, operable window shades, high performance heating and other energy efficient improvements.

Our first speaker of the day was Jennifer Halleck from Vancouver Public Schools (VPS). VPS serves over 23,000 students at over 43 locations in Vancouver. As the Administrator in Facilities, Planning and Resource Conservation, Jennifer’s key role is as a facilitator of people, resources and information. Jennifer described some of the exciting advances in energy conservation and awareness that VPS has undertaken in recent years.  One example is the Green Teams which operate at both the school and district level. Each school has a Green Team which is made up of one administrator, one teacher, the head custodian, one student and one parent.  These teams meet to create goals, share information and implement projects at their schools.  Each school’s Green Team is in regular contact with Jennifer and her district Green Team which consists of representatives from maintenance, planning, community services, custodians, crew leaders and HVAC technicians. Jennifer also discussed programs like the “Save our Scraps” composting program and the integration of ecological awareness education through the Washington Green Schools program.  Additionally, Jennifer also discussed how VPS moved the purchasing department to be under the umbrella of resource conservation and how VPS maintains a staff of electricians, HVAC techs, carpenters and controls experts in order to self-perform maintenance.  This structure allows VPS to be an outstanding leader in energy efficiency in the region.

Our next speaker was Kelly Stevens-Malnar with the Oregon Cooperative Procurement Program and Statewide Outreach Coordinator at the Department of Administrative Services/Procurement Services. Kelly provided an excellent overview of the rules, laws and codes that govern public contracting in Oregon and Washington.   Kelly began with an explanation of where to find the codes, who they pertain to, what they govern and how they are implemented. This is a somewhat complicated structure that Kelly helped us to understand by use of hierarchical diagrams and practical information. Kelly next discussed the process of the “buy decision” from the point of view of school districts and municipalities, and from vendors and contractors serving them.  The different procurement methods like Small Procurement, Emergency Procurement, Sole Source Procurement, Competitive Sealed Bidding (ITB), Competitive Sealed Proposals (RFP) and Intermediate Procurement were explained.  Kelly presented the different legal definitions and prerequisite conditions for each method as well as the location of the relevant codes in the Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) and the Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS). To close her informative presentation, Kelly made us all laugh with the cautionary tale of Dennis the Fish and the lesson we should learn about performing a risk assessment before taking on a project that may have high costs.

How to Sell an Energy Project to an Owner/ Administrator

The next speaker was Cam Hamilton, Business Case Manager for Ameresco-Quantum. Mr. Hamilton has worked in the energy efficiency industry for over 20 years and provided valuable insight to buy-in strategies for energy efficiency investments. Most energy projects, even ones that make good financial sense, often get delayed or worse - get shelved. Energy managers need tools to help them better sell their energy projects to their organization. Mr. Hamilton outlined a strategic game plan for being prepared to address statements such as, “Energy isn’t a core competency for us”, “We can’t afford it”, Other projects have better returns” - and every other possible excuse to not invest in energy efficiency.

Some key strategy points for increasing the green light potential on your energy project included:

Preparing for Success. Start this discussion early. Designate a single champion to build the right a team and engage with internal and/or external stakeholders who must all be in favor of the energy investment.

  1. Know who the key decision makers are. Whose decision is it anyway? Know not only who can say yes but who can say no. Does everyone in the decision making chain understand how the investment will benefit their department or interest area? Connect with someone higher up who supports energy.
  2. Know the organization’s goals. CFOs and financial managers are inundated with copious requests for capital budgets. Align what you want to accomplish with the organizations budget process and goals. Know your organization’s financial criteria (ROI, IRR, Simple Payback). Position the energy project so that decision makers understand that you are tackling wasted money that can pay for the energy investment. Speak the CFO and financial manager’s language.

Craft the right message. Redefine the energy project as an energy efficiency investment. Couch the energy project as a money maker and not a money taker. Tie the energy efficiency investment to a positive return for the organization. Look at competitors what are they doing?

  1. Know the cash flow and options. The energy measure must pass the financial test. Does the organization have the ability to lease or secure loan funding for the energy investment? Financing may cost less than the energy savings which provide a net positive cash flow. Position energy expenditures as a cost you can manage and reduce. Present the utility incentives and tax benefits to the financial decision makers. Be prepared to scale the project to secure the right level to gain project support. Provide cash flow that presents the investment in energy efficiency cost vs. savings.
  2. Get support data. Benchmark and use real data when at all possible. Utilize Energy Star Portfolio Manager or similar to generate real energy use index or utility cost/ft2 metrics. Scope the project with solid cost estimates, energy savings, O&M savings, and other intangible benefits. Estimate the utility incentives. Identify measures that make up energy efficiency investment.

Develop a solid business case. Follow your organization guidelines. Keep it short and to the point but add detail in the appendices. Address building performance against peer facilities, financial metrics, operational enhancements, other benefits. Use pictures to convey the situation. Bring in the right resources to support your business case– auditors, financiers, equipment suppliers, consultants.

Mr. Hamilton concluded with stating that the recipe for success is often is the right message, to the right people, at the right time.

From Bond to Building – a Case Study for Maximizing Energy Efficiency

And the last forum speaker, Elin Shepard, an Outreach Manager for Energy Trust of Oregon’s New Buildings Program, presented a case study on the LEED Gold Parkrose Middle School, which is one of seven (7) schools that comprise the Parkrose School District (PRSD) located in northeast Portland.

The project began like most school districts with funding from a bond that passed in 2010. There was extensive community engagement right from the beginning of this project. The primary goal was to construct a school with longevity in mind and a focus on energy efficiency.  The PRSD worked closely with Portland General Electric and the Energy Trust to maximize their incentives. They decided to pursue LEED certification for the middle school, and even expanded that scope to integrate two net zero multi-purpose rooms at two other elementary school renovations. All told the RPSD saved an estimated 150,000 kWh in electricity and 35,000 therms of natural gas over a code building.

Ms. Shepard went on describe the Energy Trust New Buildings incentives PRSD utilized. The program provides cash incentives and energy solutions for a variety of project types including: new construction, major renovation, tenant improvements, and additions. The program offers design solutions – early design assistance, energy modeling, and two commissioning options. There are also ‘system-by-system’ incentives for installing equipment that meets specific needs. Energy Trust has created lighting and HVAC spreadsheet tools for calculating these savings and incentives. They also have a ‘modeled savings’ approach for calculating equipment incentives on projects that completed an energy model. Finally, there is the whole-building approach that includes ‘market solutions for schools’ that provide prospective good, better, best equipment options for projects under 70,000 SF. Some electives mentioned included exterior lighting, bi-level lighting in corridors, plug-loads, Energy Star® kitchen equipment, and domestic hot water.

Ms. Shepard also announced Energy Trust’s new ‘Path to Net-Zero’ incentive program. 

Presentations:

Jennifer Halleck 

Kelly Stevens-Malnar

Cam Hamilton

Elin Shepard